What is the EU doing for Ukraine?
The EU has imposed sanctions
The European Union, together with its international partners, has imposed massive sanctions on Russia. In particular, these aim to massively weaken the Russian economy and the political elite. The sanctions are already having an effect. These are the areas affected:
- Financial sector
- Energy sector
- Transport sector
- Industrial sector
- Granting of visas
- Individual restrictions on persons and institutions
The EU is supplying defensive weapons
In a historic about-turn, the European Union is supplying weapons to a crisis area for the first time.
A package adopted by the EU on 27 February provides 450 million euros for direct arms deliveries and another 50 million euros for equipment such as a certain amount of fuel and protective gear.
The EU is currently considering increasing its military aid to Ukraine by a further 500 million euros.
The EU is providing humanitarian aid
The EU is making at least 500 million euros available from its budget to address the tragic humanitarian consequences of this war, both inside and outside Ukraine. A sum of 90 million euros in EU emergency aid has already been made available, of which 85 million will go to Ukraine and 5 million to Moldova.
This financial aid is used to meet basic needs such as food, water and medical assistance.
The EU has approved fast, uncomplicated admission of war refugees
The EU interior ministers have unanimously adopted the Directive on the temporary protection of war refugees. This protected status grants the following benefits:
- Residence rights for up to three years, no asylum procedure required
- Access to the labour market in accordance with the labour market policies of the member states
- Access to housing
- Social benefits
- Medical assistance and other forms of support
- School education for children and young people
The EU has activated the EU Civil Protection Mechanism
The EU Commission is coordinating the medical supplies and civil protection resources provided by EU member states.
In concrete terms, this means: those in need in Ukraine and in the neighbouring countries of Poland, Slovakia and Moldova are provided with millions of aid items including vehicles, medical equipment, tents, blankets and sleeping bags.
One key source of these aid supplies is the stocks of rescEU – an emergency stockpile of relief items set up by the EU.
What is the EU Civil Protection Mechanism?
The EU Civil Protection Mechanism is a European Union agreement that regulates enhanced cooperation between member states in the event of disasters. The most comprehensive activation of this procedure to date is currently underway in response to the war of aggression on Ukraine.
The EU is providing support for border management
The EU Commission is also making every effort to take specific operational action to ensure efficiency and security in border management. In addition, EU agencies support member states with staff and expertise so that waiting times can be reduced and a high level of security is maintained.
The EU is supporting EU countries’ admission capacity
By means of various extensive measures, the EU is supporting member states in receiving war refugees:
- The EU Commission has created a solidarity platform through which member states can exchange information on reception capacity.
- Various EU websites provide information for war refugees from Ukraine, e.g. on admission procedures, social benefits, etc.
- EU member states can also receive significant additional funding from EU funds for the period 2021-2027 to ensure adequate reception facilities.
Further aid measures for war refugees in Europe
- The EU CARE programme aims to provide support for war refugees from Ukraine out of various EU funds: This will ensure comprehensive investment in education, employment and housing as well as basic material support.
- In addition, about 10 billion euros is already available from the recovery fund (REACT-EU).
The EU has also supported Ukraine financially in the past
In the past, too, the EU has provided Ukraine with extensive in the form of affordable loans and subsidies. Since 2014, the EU and European financial institutions have provided over 17 billion euros in subsidies and loans to Ukraine.
The following were also provided during the period 2014-2021:
- 350 million euros in humanitarian aid provided by EU member states,
- over 1 billion euros in EU emergency aid and early recovery assistance,
193 million euros in humanitarian aid provided by the EU Commission.