South Africa was the first stop on the Chancellor’s African trip. Angela Merkel then flew on to the Angolan capital, Luanda. Both countries are important partners for Germany. In addition to topical international issues, bilateral cooperation was a focus of meetings in both capitals.
The Chancellor’s trip was intended to recognise the important role played by South Africa and Angola as pro-reform states on the African continent. Against this background, Angela Merkel wished the South African President every success in the reforms he is carrying forward in his country and with the tasks ahead for the continent as a whole. She again pointed to the security situation, which has deteriorated in many parts of Africa. "We all know that development is only possible with security. And that there will only be security if there is development," said the Chancellor.
President Cyril Ramaphosa stressed that Germany is one of South Africa’s most strategic partners. With German support, the South African government aims to boost economic growth and create jobs, with a special focus on reducing the country’s high level of youth unemployment. In South Africa the two countries signed an initiative to promote technical and vocational education and training (TVET). Germany can provide support here, primarily thanks to its experience in the field of dual vocational training.
"We want to support you wherever we can," the Chancellor promised the South African President. Angela Merkel praised the reforms the President has been vigorously advancing, in an effort to step up democracy and economic growth.
The Chancellor invited the South African government to become part of the scholarship scheme of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation as of 2021. "This scheme allows young students to spend one year in Germany," explained Angela Merkel. Russia, China, India, Brazil and the USA are already involved in the programme. "We would like to invite South Africa to take part in the programme too as a new country," declared Angela Merkel.
With South Africa’s President, the Chancellor also attended a business meeting with representatives of the German and South African business communities. She visited an assembly plant and the training workshop of the local BMW plant. Currently about 600 German companies employ some 100,000 people in South Africa. On her trip, the Chancellor was accompanied by a high-ranking business delegation.
Germany and South Africa intend to step up their cooperation in the field of renewable energy. Angela Merkel and Cyril Ramaphosa discussed how old coal-fired power stations can be replaced. South Africa’s government would like the advice of Germany when it comes to addressing the social impacts of transformation.
The two countries announced the next meeting of the German-South African Binational Commission, to be held in March in South Africa under the chairmanship of the foreign affairs ministers. At this meeting, the environment ministers of South Africa and Germany will also meet to discuss the impacts of climate change and to identify projects.
South Africa is Germany’s most important trading partner on the African continent. German companies employ some 100,000 people directly in South Africa, and about the same number again indirectly. South Africa is the only African member of the G20, and co-chairs the G20 Africa Advisory Group, which supports the Compact with Africa.
The talks in Pretoria also looked at topical international issues, including the current situation in Libya. Chancellor Angela Merkel stressed, "We will not resolve the situation without African expertise, because Libya is an African country." The EU’s partnership with the African Union during Germany’s Presidency of the Council of the European Union in the second half of this year and the two countries’ seats on the United Nations Security Council were other topics on the agenda.
The Chancellor stressed the special importance of South Africa in multilateral terms. "It is the only African state that represents the continent in the G20. This generates common ground. For instance Germany and South Africa are cooperating very closely on the Compact with Africa, which already embraces more than ten countries."
The Chancellor’s itinerary in Pretoria also included a visit to the University of Pretoria’s Future Africa Campus and a discussion with students at the university. In addition she attended a discussion with representatives of civil society.
On Friday President Gonçalves Lourenço welcomed Chancellor Angela Merkel to Luanda, Angola’s capital. The main points on the agenda were the political and economic relations between the two countries. "Germany will be at your side if you want to improve living conditions, especially for the many young people here," said the Chancellor.
They also discussed the constructive role played by Angola in regional cooperation, and support for the government’s pro-reform course, especially its anti-corruption efforts. The Chancellor and President Gonçalves Lourenço announced that Angola would like to become the thirteenth member country of the G20 Compact with Africa.
Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Gonçalves Lourenço together opened the German-Angolan Business Forum, followed by a meeting with civil society. The Chancellor also fitted in a visit to the Siemens substation and the National Museum for Anthropology.
Angola is an important regional partner of Germany on the African continent. It is an OPEC member (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) and Africa’s second largest oil producing countries. It is expanding its oil production capacities, but is also interested in hydropower and solar power. Angola is currently Germany’s sixth most important trading partner in sub-Saharan Africa.