Agriculture involves biological processes which release greenhouse gases. It is directly affected by climate change and needs to adapt. Yet, the agricultural sector also makes an important contribution to mitigating climate change by ensuring the sustainable production of biogenic raw materials. The core responsibility of the agriculture sector is to ensure sustainable food supplies and produce raw materials for other purposes, including biofuels and fibres. It is thus important for agriculture that vital natural resources are protected. The German government supports research and development projects in order to tap further potential for adapting to climate change and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases in agriculture.
A mix of measures is to make Germany’s agriculture more climate-friendly, with
• lower nitrogen surpluses
• more organic farming
• fewer emissions in livestock farming
• conservation and sustainable management of forests and timber use
• energy efficiency in agriculture.