Strengthening the United Nations remains an important foreign-policy concern of the German government. UN missions around the world are making an indispensable contribution to creating and maintaining peace and security.
For some time now UN missions have transcended purely military components. Today’s multidimensional peace missions embrace the full spectrum of military, police and civilian instruments.
Organised crime is a serious threat to security and stability in Mali and in neighbouring countries. Cross-border crime also bankrolls terrorist networks in the Sahel.
For this reason, the German government has decided to step up its contribution to the police component of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). To date it has been possible to deploy up to ten police officers. This figure is now to be doubled to 20. Germany’s engagement is to be enhanced in terms of quality, as well as quantity. A team of four to six specialists is also to be seconded to train the local police. The team will comprise specialists in the fields of organised crime, cross-border crime and anti-terrorism.
The involvement of German police officers complements the engagement of German troops under the auspices of this mission. It is also part of the comprehensive political and development engagement of the German government on behalf of Mali and the Sahel as a whole.
In response to a UN request, the number of German police officers involved in the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) is also to be raised from 10 to 20. This mission has strong military, police and civilian components. German troops are also deployed in South Sudan, so that the police component once again rounds off the overall German engagement.
The security situation in parts of the country has deteriorated dramatically, and the humanitarian emergency has worsened. Currently almost 200,000 internally displaced persons are being cared for by UNMISS facilities in South Sudan. The scale of conflict-related violence, particularly towards women and children, is giving grounds for serious concern.
For this reason the mission would like to use a team of specialists to tackle the field of sexual and gender-based violence exclusively and in the longer term. For this team the UN has requested German expertise in particular. Germany has earned itself an excellent reputation in this field, and has specially trained police officers for this area.
Since 1948 the United Nations has conducted a total of 69 peacekeeping missions (also known as blue helmet missions). Currently 16 UN peacekeeping missions are ongoing, with more than 125,000 peacekeeping forces from 120 countries.
Somalia is facing developments that will be crucial in determining its future. Next year it is to hold parliamentary and presidential elections. Then it will become clear whether or not the country can continue along the path it has chosen towards security and stability, state building and good governance.
German police expertise can make an important contribution towards stabilising and developing Somalia. Up to five police officers can be assigned, under the decision taken by the German government. Soon a German police officer is to take over as head of the police component of the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNSOM).
The United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNSOM), the central presence of the UN in the country, is a well accepted and much appreciated observer, advisor, coordinator and trainer. UN activities, the EU’s Strategic Framework for the Horn of Africa, and Germany’s Africa policy all dovetail in Somalia.
Germany is already involved in three EU missions in the Horn of Africa (Atalanta, the European Union Training Mission (EUTM) Somalia and EUCAP NESTOR, Regional Maritime Capacity Building Mission in the Horn of Africa and the Western Indian Ocean). The police engagement in UNSOM will complement the humanitarian, political and development engagement of the German government in Somalia and around the Horn of Africa.
The United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH ) has already been running for more than ten years. The UN has now asked for more police experts to be seconded. Highly qualified international police officers are needed in Haiti to stabilise the achievements of the mission to date.
The police officers are to ensure the correct hand-over of responsibility for security to the Haitian police force. This will be a major contribution to crisis prevention, stabilisation and post-conflict rehabilitation in this country that is so vulnerable to crises and natural disasters.
The decision of the German government will make it possible to second up to 20 police officers to Haiti.